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Are we on the right track in DBS surgery for dystonic head tremor? Polymyography is a promising answer

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      • Polymyography during DBS surgery for head tremor can facilitate optimal electrode placement.

      Abstract

      The clinical benefit of Deep Brain Stimulation (DBS) is associated with electrode positioning accuracy. Intraoperative assessment of clinical effect is therefore key. Evaluating this clinical effect in patients with dystonic head tremor, as opposed to limb tremor, is challenging because the head is fixed in a stereotactic frame. To clinically assess head tremor during surgery, surface electromyography (EMG) electrodes were bilaterally applied to the sternocleidomastoid and cervical paraspinal muscles. This case shows that intraoperative polymyography is an easy and useful tool to assess the clinical effect of DBS electrode positioning.

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