Advertisement

Increased comfortable gait speed is associated with improved gait biomechanics in persons with Parkinson's disease completing an 8-week aerobic cycling intervention

      Gait dysfunction is a disabling symptom associated with Parkinson's disease (PD), negatively affecting participation and quality of life. Increasing gait velocity is a common rehabilitation goal for persons with PD, as it is associated with reduced fall risk, increased independence with daily activities, and decreased mortality [
      • Tiihonen M.
      • Westner B.U.
      • Butz M.
      • Dalal S.S.
      Parkinson's disease patients benefit from bicycling - a systematic review and meta-analysis.
      ]. While cycling interventions have been shown to improve gait velocity, the biomechanical mechanisms associated with change in walking speed have not been systematically evaluated. The aim of this study was to determine the effects of an 8-week aerobic cycling intervention on changes in biomechanical characteristics of gait and motor symptoms in persons with PD. We hypothesized that the intensive aerobic cycling intervention would induce increased gait velocity accompanied by improvements in locomotor control and diminished motor symptoms.

      MeSH KeyWords

      To read this article in full you will need to make a payment

      Purchase one-time access:

      Academic & Personal: 24 hour online accessCorporate R&D Professionals: 24 hour online access
      One-time access price info
      • For academic or personal research use, select 'Academic and Personal'
      • For corporate R&D use, select 'Corporate R&D Professionals'

      Subscribe:

      Subscribe to Parkinsonism & Related Disorders
      Already a print subscriber? Claim online access
      Already an online subscriber? Sign in
      Institutional Access: Sign in to ScienceDirect

      References

        • Tiihonen M.
        • Westner B.U.
        • Butz M.
        • Dalal S.S.
        Parkinson's disease patients benefit from bicycling - a systematic review and meta-analysis.
        NPJ Parkinsons Dis. 2021; 7: 86
        • Rosenfeldt A.B.
        • Rasanow M.
        • Penko A.L.
        • Beall E.B.
        • Alberts J.L.
        The cyclical lower extremity exercise for Parkinson's trial (CYCLE): methodology for a randomized controlled trial.
        BMC Neurol. 2015; 15: 63
        • Alberts J.L.
        • Linder S.M.
        • Penko A.L.
        • Lowe M.J.
        • Phillips M.
        It is not about the bike, it is about the pedaling: forced exercise and Parkinson's disease.
        Exerc. Sport Sci. Rev. 2011; 39: 177-186
        • Penko A.L.
        • Zimmerman N.M.
        • Crawford M.
        • Linder S.M.
        • Alberts J.L.
        Effect of aerobic exercise on cardiopulmonary responses and predictors of change in individuals with Parkinson's disease.
        Arch. Phys. Med. Rehabil. 2021;
        • Hirsch M.
        • Farley B.
        Exercise and neuroplasticity in persons living with Parkinson's disease.
        Eur. J. Phys. Rehabil. Med. 2009; 45: 215-229