- We report a Dystonia-Deafness syndrome patient treated by pallidal Deep Brain Stimulation with significant long-term benefits. Our study expands and confirms the complex phenotypic spectrum of ACTB gene-related disorders and supports the effectiveness of pallidal stimulation on motor outcomes and quality of life in dystonia due to ACTB p.Arg183Trp heterozygosity.
- Recently, 69 patients with heterozygous Transcription Factor 20 (TCF20) gene variants were described as showing predominant developmental delay with variable intellectual and behavioral abnormalities (DDVIBA) (MIM# 618430 ) [1,2] and less frequently, poorly delineated movement disorders.
- Sixteen subjects with biallelic WARS2 variants encoding the tryptophanyl mitochondrial aminoacyl-tRNA synthetase, presenting with a neonatal- or infantile-onset mitochondrial disease, have been reported to date. Here we present six novel cases with WARS2-related diseases and expand the spectrum to later onset phenotypes including dopa-responsive early-onset parkinsonism and progressive myoclonus-ataxia.
- Dentatorubral-pallidoluysian atrophy (DRPLA) is a CAG trinucleotide repeat expansion disorder with an autosomal-dominant mode of inheritance and very low prevalence in Europe. We herein report the clinical characteristics of the first Austrian DRPLA family. Genetic analysis revealed the presence of a common European haplotype, suggesting a founder mutation in Europe.